South Eastern Centre Against Sexual Assault & Family Violence

References

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1. See, for example, (1995) Psychology, Public and Law at 2 and (1993) 17 Child Abuse and Neglect at 1.

2. Bussey, K and Gimbeek, EJ, "Disclosure processes: Issues for child sexual abuse victims" in Rotenberg, KJ (ed), Disclosure processes in children and adolescents (1995) at 166203.

3. Masson, JM, The assault on truth: Freud's suppression of the seduction theory (1984).

4. Piaget, J, The moral judgement of the child (1965) (original work published in 1932).

5. Goodman GS, Aman, CF and Hirschman, J, "Child sexual and physical abuse: Children's testimony" in Ceci, S.J. Toglia, MP and Ross, DF (eds), Children's eyewitness memory (1987) at 123: Goodman, CS, Bottoms, BL, Schwartz-Kenney, BM and Rudy, L. "Childrens testimony about a stressful event: Improving children's reports" (1991) 1 Journal of Narrative and Life History at 69; Goodman, GS, and Reed, RS, "Age difference in eyewitness testimony" (1986) 10 Law and Human Behaviour at 17; Goodman, CS, Rudy, L, Bottoms, BL and Man, C, "Children's concerns and memory: Issues of ecological validity in the study of children's eyewitness testimony" in Fivush, R and Hudson, JA (eds), Knowing and remembering in young children (1990) at 24984.

6. Bussey, K "Lying and truthfullness: Children's definitions, standards and evaluation reactions" (1992) 63 Child Development at 129.

7. Oaths (Children) Amendment Act 1990 (NSW).

8. False Memory Syndrome Foundation. Fact sheet (June 1992) at 10.

9. Loftus, E F. "The reality, of repressed memories" (1993) 48 American Psychologist, at 518.

10. See Sinclair, K, "Responding to Abuse: A Matter of Perspective" in this volume at 153.

11. Bruck, M, Ceci, S.J. Francoeur, E and Barr, R "I hardly cried when I got my shot!" Influencing children's reports about a visit to their paediatrician" (1995) 66 Child Development at 193:Goodman, G. S. and Clarke-Stewart A, "Suggestability in children's testimony: Implications for child sexual abuse investigations" in Doris, JL (ed), The suggestibility of children's recollections (1991) at 92105; Poole, D and White, L, "Effects of question repetition on the eyewitness testimony of children and adults" (1991) 27 Developmental Psychology at 975; Tobey, A and Goodman, GS, "Children's eyewitness memory: Effects of participation and forensic context" (1992) 16 Child Abuse and Neglect at 779.

12. Cassel, WS and Bjorklund, DF, "Tell me about ...", "Don't you remember...?" "Isn't it true that...?" Development patterns of eyewitness responses to increasingly suggestive questions (1995 forthcoming).

13. Bruck, M and Ceci, SJ, "Amicus brief for the case of State of New Jersey v Michaels presented by Committee of Concerned Social Scientists" (1995) 1 Psychology, Public Policy and Law at 272.

14. Ceci, SJ and Bruck, M, "Suggestibility of the child witness: A historical review and synthesis" (1993) 113 Psychological Bulletin at 403.

15. Above n13.

16. Above n14 at 403.

17. Above n14

18. Fivush, R, "Developmental perspectives on autobiographical recall" in Goodman, GS and Bottoms, BL (eds), Child victims, child witnesses: Understanding and improving testimony (1993) at 20.

19. Goodman, GS and Clarke-Stewart, A. "Suggestability in children's testimony: Implications for child sexual abuse investigations" in Doris, JL (ed), The suggestibility of children's recollections (1991) at 1023.

20. Above n14 at 432.

21. Rosenthal, R. "State of New Jersey v Margaret Kelly Michaels: An overview" (1995) 1 Psychology Public Policy and Laws at 246.

22. Goodman and Reed, above n5.

23. Saywitz KJ, Goodman, GS, Nicholas, E and Moan, SF, "Children's memories of a physical examination involving genital touch: Implications for reports of child sexual abuse" (1991) 59 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology at 682.

24. Lawson, L and Chaffin, M, "False negatives in sexual abuse disclosure interviews: Incidence and influence of caretakers's belief in abuse cases of accidental abuse discovery by diagnosis of STD" (1992) Journal of Interpersonal Violence at 532.

25. Sauzier, M. "Disclosure of child sexual abuse: For better or for worse" (1989) 12 Psychiatric Clinics of North America at 455.

26. Finkelhor, D and Williams, LM (eds), Nursery crimes: Sexual abuse in day care (1988).

27. Burns, N, Finkelhor, D and Williams, LM "Disclosure and detection" in Finkelhor and Williams, id at 99.

28. Ibid.

29. Ibid at 104.

30. Summit RC, "The child sexual abuse accommodation syndrome" (1983) 7 Child Abuse and Neglect at 177.

31. Sorensen, T and Snow, B. "How children tell: the process of disclosure in child sexual abuse" (1991) LXXX Child Welfare at 3.

32. Ibid.

33. Above n2.

34. Bussey, K, Lee, K and Grimbeck, EJ, "Lies and secrets: Implications for children's reporting of sexual abuse" in Goodman, GS and Bottoms, BL (eds), Child victims, child witnesses (1993) at 14768.

35. Ibid.

36. Bandura, A, Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory (1986).

37. Loftus, EF, Eyewitness testimony (1979)

38. Above n14 at 405.

39. Above n14.

40. Ibid 405.

41. Ibid.

42. Ibid.

43. See Geiselman, RE Saywitz, KJ and Bornstein, GK "Effects of cognitive questioning techniques on children's recall performance" in Goodman, GS and Bottoms, BL (eds), Child victims, child witnesses: Understanding and improving testimony (1993) at 7193.

44. Ceci, SJ, Loftus EF Leichtman, MD and Bruck, M, The role of source misattribution in the creation of false beliefs among preschoolers (1995, unpublished manuscript).

45. If at 10.

46. Bussey, K, "Adult influence on children's eyewitness reporting" in Ceci, S. (chair) Do children lie? Narrowing the uncertainties (August 1990) Symposium conducted at the American Psychology and Law Society Biennial Meeting, Williamsburg, VA.

47. Bussey, K, Lee, K and Grimbeek EJ, "Lies and secrets: Implications for children's reporting of sexual abuse" in Goodman, GS and Bottoms, BL (eds), Child victims, child witnesses (1993) at 14768.

48. Gopnik, A and Astington, JW, "Children's understanding of representational change and its relation to the understanding of false belief and the appearance reality distinction" (1988) 59 Child Development at 26.

49. Bottoms, B, Goodman GS, Schwartz-Kenney, B, Sachsenmaier, T and Thomas, S, Keeping secrets: Implications for children's testimony (March 1990) Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the American Psychology and Law Society, Williamsburg. VA.

50. Bussey, K, Ross, C and Lee, K, Factors influencing children's lying and truthfulness (April 1991) Paper presented at the Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Seattle, WA.

51. Bussey, K and Stirling, C, Cognitive and motivational determinants of children keeping secrets (1995) Paper presented at the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, Indiana.

© 1995 Institute of Criminology, The University of Sydney, This Work is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission. Inquiries should be addressed to the Director, Institute of Criminology, University of Sydney, faculty or Law, 173-175 Phillips Street, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia.

This paper appeared courtesy of the Author and the Journal of the Institute of Criminology (Volume 7 Number 2) November 1995, titled, Current Issues In Criminal Justice, Special Issue on Child Abuse. ISA would like to thank the above and the University of Sydney, Faculty of Law for their permission to reproduce this article.


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